Current Affairs 10th August 2019

Current Affairs 10th August 2019

Current Affairs 10th August 2019 covers some important current affairs based on the examination point of view. All Current Affairs are mentioned below:-

  • PM-KMY Scheme
  • One Nation, One Ration Card
  • Shillong Declaration on E-Governance
  • Kerala's to host India's first Space Startup Park
  • Niti Aayog launches the fourth edition of WTI Awards
  • India as a major illicit drug producing country
  • BCCI officially becomes National Sports Federation
  • 66th National Film Awards


PM-KMY Scheme:-

The Government has launched Pradhan Mantri KisanMaan Dhan Yojana(PM-KMY) which will ensure all enrolled beneficiaries receive Rs.3000 per month after attaining the age of 60. During the launch of the scheme, Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar said all 12.5 crores small and marginal farmers, who own (2 hectares of land or less) of the country can now register for the scheme. The scheme will be implemented across the country including Jammu & Kashmir & Ladakh region. The initial enrolment under the scheme is being done through Common Service Centres (CSCs) located across the country, even in villages.

PM-KMY Scheme (Pradhan Mantri KisanMaan Dhan Yojana):-
  • The PM-KMY scheme is voluntary and contribution-based pension scheme for only small and marginal farmers who owns 2 hectares of land or less, in the age group of 18 to 40 years.
  • Under the scheme, the total premium will be shared by farmer and government on 50:50 basis.- If a farmer enters the scheme at 18 years, he will have to pay a monthly premium of Rs.55 while the government will pay an equal amount.
    - Similarly, the premium will be Rs.200/month for a farmer who enters the scheme at the age of 40 years.
    - In case, if a farmer dies before the age of 60, then the spouse may continue with the scheme but in case if the spouse does not wish to continue then, then the total contribution made by the farmer along with the interest will be paid to her.
    - If a farmer dies at the age of 60, then the spouse will continue to get a Rs.1500/month till her death.

One Nation, One Ration Card:-

The government has launched inter-state portability of ration cards between Telangana-Andhra Pradesh & Maharashtra-Gujarat as a pilot project to implement One Nation, One Ration Card across the country by June 1,2020. In these four states, both Inter & Intra portability is being implemented successfully.

Intra-Portability of Ration Cards means beneficiaries can lift their quota of ration from any PDS located within a state.

Inter-Portability of Ration Cards:-This will enable beneficiaries to buy their quota of ration from the Public Distribution System(PDS) or ration shops in either state under the National Food Security Act.

Shillong Declaration on E-Governance:-

22nd National Conference on e-Governance 2019 successfully concluded at Shillong with the adoption of ‘Shillong Declaration’ on e-Governance.

About:
  • The Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances (DAPRG), Ministry of Personnel and Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY), in collaboration with the Government of Meghalaya organized the 22nd National Conference on eGovernance at Shillong during 8-9 August 2019.
  • The theme of this Conference was “Digital India: Success to Excellence”.
Key highlights of the Shillong declaration:
  • Improve the citizen’s experience with Government services by promoting the timely implementation of India Enterprise Architecture (IndEA).
  • Consolidate the plethora of successful State level e-Governance projects with a focus to replicate them as common application software.
  • Take steps to further improve connectivity in the North Eastern States by addressing the issues of telecommunications connectivity at the grass-root level.
  • Take steps to enhance the activities of the Electronics Sector Skill Council in the North Eastern States and explore the possibility of opening an electronics skill center in Shillong.
  • Promote the use of e-Office and move towards less paper State Secretariats in the North-Eastern States and in the District level offices.

Kerala to host India's first Space Start-up Park:-

The Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) and the Kerala government have teamed up to set up the country's first Space System Park to attract global startups in the space sector.

Important Info:-
  • The Park is to set up in the Thiruvananthapuram's Knowledge City.
  • According to the MOU signed between both the parties, the VSSC will help Kerala govt. plan to make the park as a major manufacturing hub for space-related technology, research, and development.
  • The VSSC will provide technical expertise and promote SMEs, start-ups and other partner entities in developing products and services for the space industry, The Space Park will also generate numerous jobs.

Niti Aayog launches Fourth Edition of Women Transforming India (WTI) Awards:-

NITI Aayog has launched the Fourth Edition of Women Transforming India (WTI) Awards, in collaboration with the United Nations. 

The applications for the awards are now live, and nominations can be filed on behalf of individuals or by the individual themselves at https://wep.gov.in.

The WTI Awards, since its inception in 2016, has been recognizing and celebrating stories of exemplary women from across India. The theme for WTI Awards 2019 is “Women and Entrepreneurship”, in continuation with last edition’s theme that recognizes women entrepreneurs who are breaking the glass ceiling and challenging stereotypes, through businesses and enterprises and are providing innovative developmental solutions to building a dynamic New India.

Whatsapp has collaborated with the WEP for the WTI Awards of 2019 and will be providing support equivalent toUS$100,000 to the winners.

About WEP:-

Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) is one of its kind facilitation platform, which enables the convergence of multiple stakeholders on a single platform, work in collaboration with these stakeholders to bridge the gap in the entrepreneurial ecosystem, host relevant information about several schemes and partner organizations on WEP website to connect women entrepreneurs with relevant partners.

WEP focuses on both reaching out to the community through online means as well as increasing interaction of stakeholders with grass-root women entrepreneur community through offline activities.

WEP also works to enable sharing of best practices amongst women entrepreneurs and partner organizations and act as a facilitation platform through which relevant data can be collected and research activities can be undertaken, in association with partner organizations to understand and provide a solution to women-centric problems in entrepreneurial space.

WEP has more than 5,000 women entrepreneurs registered on the platform, more than 30 partners and has committed funding of more than US$10mn for these startups.

India as a major illicit drug producing country:-

US President Donald Trump has designated India among the over 20 major drug transit or illicit drug-producing countries.

The countries identified in the list are:- Afghanistan, The Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Burma, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Laos, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela.

The National Center for Health Statistics in the US estimates that there were 68,557 drug overdose deaths in 2018. An estimated 47,590 involved opioids and 31,897 involved synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl and tramadol, the CNN reported.

BCCI officially becomes National Sports Federation:-

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) agreed to come under the ambit of the National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA). It makes BCCI officially a National Sports Federation (NSF) despite being financially autonomous.

About: The BCCI has given in writing that it would adhere to the anti-doping policy of NADA.

Implications of this decision:
  • All cricketers will now be tested by NADA.
  • BCCI now becomes a designated National Sports Federation as per government norms despite being financially autonomous.
  • It will also face more pressure to come under the government's Right to Information Act.
Background:-
The BCCI had been vehemently opposed to signing up with NADA, calling itself an autonomous body, and not a National Sports Federation which relies on government funding. The rule towards becoming a National Sports Federation requires a sporting body to receive a certain amount of grant from the government.

BCCI concern:- The Board's primary concern was the contentious 'Whereabouts Clause' with regards to Out of Competition Testing, something that all-star India players have been wary of as they considered it an invasion of their privacy.

What is Whereabouts Clause?
The Whereabouts Clause requires every athlete on Registered Testing Pool (RTP) to fill up a declaration form wherein he/she would have to mention three specific dates in a year when they are not competing but are available for NADA's Dope Control Officer (DCO) for sample collection.
If an athlete fails to appear on all the specified dates, it invites sanctions for breach of the World Anti-doping Agency (WADA) Code. The premier example of this is West Indies' all-rounder Andre Russell who was banned for one year by the Jamaican Anti-Doping Agency.

66th National Film Awards:-

Established in: 1954

Awarded for: Excellence in cinematic achievements for Indian cinema.

Bodies involved: Directorate of Film Festivals (DFF), a body under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, administers the award.

The selections of awards are made by an independent and impartial jury consisting of eminent filmmakers and film personalities, which is appointed by the DFF.

Every year, the award ceremony is held in New Delhi, where the President of India presents the awards.

Criteria and Procedure:
  • The makers of a film, and particularly the director, should be Indian nationals.
  • Films entering the competition should be produced in India, and in case of co-production involving a foreign entity, they have to fulfill certain conditions to qualify.
  • It is Declared for films produced in the previous year across the country i.e. a film should be certified by the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) between 1 January and 31 December.
Categories:
  • The National Film Awards are presented in two main categories: Feature Films and Non-Feature Films.
  • Dadasaheb Phalke award: A lifetime achievement award, named after the father of Indian cinema Dadasaheb Phalke, is awarded to a film personality for the outstanding contribution to the Indian Cinema.
  • Cash prize: All the award winners are awarded a Medallion, cash prize and a certificate of merit.

Important Info : Winners:
  • Best Feature Film Award: Gujarati film Hellaro.
  • Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment: Badhaai Ho.
  • Best Film on Social Issues: Hindi movie Padman.
  • Best Director Award: Aditya Dhar for Uri: The Surgical Strike
  • Best Actor Award: Jointly awarded to Ayushman Khurana and Vicky Kaushal for their performances in Andhadhun and Uri: The Surgical Strike respectively.
  • Best Actress award: Keerthy Suresh for her performance in Telugu movie Mahanati.
  • Best Film on Environment Conservation/ Preservation: Marathi movie Paani.
  • Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration: Kannada film Ondalla Eradalla.
  • Most Film Friendly State: Uttarakhand.
  • Best Choreography: Ghoomer song from Padmavat
  • Best Playback Singer: Arijit Singh for "Binte Dil" from Padmavat

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