Current Affairs 26th August 2019

Daily Current Affairs 26th August 2019 covers some important current affairs like IMF's Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS), UAE honors PM Modi with highest civilian award, CSIR & India Bahrain realtions

Daily Current Affairs 26th August 2019 covers some important current affairs based on the examination point of view. All Current Affairs are mentioned below:-

  • IMF's Special Data Dissemination Standard
  • Children abandoning Education in Mica mining districts
  • India-Bahrain
  • CSIR-National Physical Laboratory
  • UAE honors PM Modi with highest civilian award

IMF's Special Data Dissemination Standard:- According to

IMF's latest “Annual Observance Report of the Special Data Dissemination Standard for 2018”, India failed to comply with multiple requirements prescribed in the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS). Whereas on the other side, comparable economies comprising the BRICS grouping of Brazil, China, South Africa, and Russia, have maintained a nearly impeccable record in the same period.

Special Data Dissemination Standard- SDDS:-

  • The IMF launched the SDDS initiative in 1996 to guide members to enhance data transparency and help financial market participants with adequate information to assess the economic situations of individual countries.
  • India subscribed to the SDDS on December 27, 1996.

Importance of SDDS:-
  • The yearly observance report for each member country lists the compliances and deviations from the SDDS under each data category for that year. 
  • There are over 20 data categories which IMF considers for this report to capture a nation’s economic health including national accounts (GDP, GNI), production indices, employment, and central government operations.
  • The report lists three types of deviations from SDDS:-
    • The first deals with delays in data dissemination from the periodicity prescribed in the SDDS.
    • The second occurs when member countries do not list a data category in their Advance Release Calendars (ARC) despite the category being mandated by the SDDS.
    • The third deviation occurs when data is not disseminated at all for a particular period.

Children abandoning Education in Mica mining districts:-

The survey on ‘education & well-being of children in mica mining areas of Jharkhand and Bihar’ has revealed that over 5,000 children, in the age group of six to fourteen, have left schools to work as labourers to supplement their family income. This survey was conducted by the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) from May 2018 after a report by Terre Des Hommes (an international development agency) revealed that more than 22,000 children are employed as child labourers in the mica mining areas of Jharkhand and Bihar. The survey was conducted in the districts of Koderma and Giridih in Jharkhand and Nawada district in Bihar.

Key Findings:-

  • 4,545 children, in the age group of six to fourteen years, in the area of Jharkhand, were reported as not attending schools.
  • 649 children were reported as not attending schools in Nawada district of Bihar.

Reasons:

  • Lack of enough opportunities, lack of interest and mica scraps collection.
  • Several families do not see the benefit of sending their children to school and instead prefer them working in collecting and selling mica scraps.
  • Selling mica scraps is the main means of livelihood for many families in these districts.

Malnourishment:

  • In the case of Giridih and Koderma, the undernutrition cases reported in 14% and 19% of the habitations and villages, respectively in the survey area.
  • In the case of Nawada, 69% of habitations have reported that some children are undernourished.

Recommendations:

  • NGOs/development agencies should work with the local and district administration as well as with the industries to chalk out a strategy to make the supply chain of mica mining, free of child labour.
  • There should be strict action against buyers of mica scraps from children.
  • A special drive to abolish child labour in the mica mining areas of Jharkhand and Bihar should be carried out by the administration.
  • Rehabilitation centres for such children and residential schools for girls in the areas should be opened.
  • The districts need to ensure proper implementation of child rights laws.

National Commission for Protection of Child Rights:-

  • NCPCR is a statutory body set up in March 2007 under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005.
  • It is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development.
  • The Commission's mandate is to ensure that all laws, policies, programmes, and administrative mechanisms are in consonance with the child rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • It inquires into complaints relating to a child's right to free and compulsory education under the Right to Education Act, 2009.
  • It monitors in the implementation of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.

India-Bahrain:-

The Prime Minister of India, during his visit to Bahrain, launched a USD 4.2 million redevelopment project of the 200-year-old Lord Sri Krishna temple in the Bahraini capital, Manama. This is the first time that an Indian Prime Minister has visited Bahrain.

  • The heritage and the 200-year-old legacy of the Shreenathji (Shree Krishna) temple in Manama will be highlighted in the redevelopment and the new iconic complex will house the sanctum sanctorum and prayer halls.
  • India and Bahrain also agreed to enhance cooperation in the field of security and counter-terrorism.
  • In a joint statement, both the countries urged the international community to reject terrorism infrastructures and to cut off any kind of support to the terrorists.
  • An MoU was also signed between BENEFIT, a Bahrain company handling ATM and POS transactions among others, and National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) for the launch of RuPay card.
  • The two countries also signed MoUs on a cultural exchange programme, space technology, solar energy.
  • Both the sides also emphasised on the urgent need to pursue UN reforms, including the Security Council through an expansion of both categories of its membership, to make it more representative and effective in tackling global challenges.

CSIR-National Physical Laboratory:- Recently, the Union Environment Ministry has designated the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-National Physical Laboratory (CSIR-NPL) as national verification agency for certifying instruments and equipment for monitoring emissions and ambient air. CSIR-NPL shall develop the necessary infrastructure, management system, testing and certification facilities conforming to international standards.

  • After launching of National Clean Air Programme (NCAP), there has been a boom in equipment for real-time monitoring of air quality.
  • NCAP envisages 20-30% reduction in PM 2.5 (fine, respirable pollution particles) by 2024 and PM 10 (coarse pollution particles) concentration in 102 non-attainment cities over 2017 levels.
  • Currently, New Delhi leads the numbers of cities in air quality sensors, with around 35 of them.

CSIR- National Physical Laboratory of India:-

  • The CSIR- National Physical Laboratory of India, situated in New Delhi, is the measurement standards laboratory of India.
  • It maintains standards of SI units in India and calibrates the national standards of weights and measures.
  • The National Physical Laboratory was conceptualized in 1943 by the Governing Body of CSIR, with a view to making science and technology as a means for industrial growth and development.
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, laid the foundation stone for the laboratory on January 4, 1947.

UAE honours PM Modi with the highest civilian award:-

Prime Minister Narendra Modi was honoured with the ‘Order of Zayed’, the UAE’s highest civilian award, on Saturday as a mark of appreciation for his efforts to boost bilateral ties between the two nations. The award has earlier been bestowed on several world leaders, including Russian President Vladimir Putin, Queen Elizabeth II and Chinese President Xi Jinping.

The award in the name of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the founding father of the UAE, acquires special significance as it was awarded to Prime Minister Modi in the year of the birth centenary of Sheikh Zayed.

Post a Comment

0 Comments