Current Affairs 30th August 2019

Daily Current Affairs 30th August 2019 covers some important current affairs like FDI capping on Digital Media, Angikaar Project launched, Fit India movement launched, Specal tiger force for corbett reserve etc.

Daily Current Affairs 30th August 2019 covers some important current affairs based on the examination point of view. All Current Affairs are mentioned below:-

  • Fit India Launched
  • FDI capping on Digital Media
  • Angikaar Project Launched
  • Center releases 47,436 crores to 27 states for afforestation
  • Special Tiger force for Corbett Reserve
  • Two new Marine Eel Species discovered
  • Star tortoise, otters get higher protection at CITES

Fit India Launched:-

Prime Minister Narendra Modi while launching ‘Fit India Campaign’ on National Sports Day celebrated every year on the birth anniversary of hockey wizard Dhyan Chand. Fit India Movement is aimed at encouraging people to include physical activity and sports in their everyday lives.

A committee, headed by sports minister Kiren Rijiju and comprising government officials, members of Indian Olympic Association (IOA), national sports federations, private bodies and fitness promoters, has been formed to take the movement forward. The 28-member government committee also features secretaries of sports, secondary education, Ayush, and youth affairs, among others.

FDI capping on Digital Media:-

The government has introduced a new FDI policy capping the investment up to 26% for Digital Media. On Wednesday, Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal announced that the Cabinet had cleared FDI up to 26% under the “government route” for digital media companies that upload or stream news and current affairs.

Existing policy has been changed with this decision as until now only the print media and news broadcast television companies in India have had FDI caps of 26% and 49% respectively, while there have been no restrictions so far on foreign investors or entities running digital media ventures aimed at Indian consumers. Therefore, several media outlets calling it a regressive or Restrictive decision.

Angikaar Project Launched:-

The Union Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry have launched the Angikaar project. The project which will officially be rolled out in all cities with PMAY (U) homes on October 2, will be carried out till December 10. The project includes mass awareness programs as well as volunteers visiting the homes of the PMAY (U) beneficiaries to have them enrolled into Ujjwala scheme, for LPG connections, Ayushman Bharat health cards, and Ujala, for LED lights.

Center releases 47,436 crores to 27 states for afforestation:-

The Union Environment Ministry on Thursday transferred ₹47,436 crore to 27 States for afforestation. These are long-pending dues part of the Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF), a ₹54,000 crore tranche that has been collected for nearly a decade as environmental compensation from industry, which has razed forest land for its business plans.

Odisha, the top recipient of funds, got nearly ₹6,000 crore followed by Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh with ₹5,791 crore and ₹5,196 crore respectively. Kerala got the least with ₹81.59 crore.

Economic value:-
The amount to be paid by industry depends on the economic value of the goods and services that the razed forest would have provided. These include timber, bamboo, firewood, carbon sequestration, soil conservation, water recharge, and seed dispersal. Industrialists pay this money and this is eventually transferred to the States concerned to carry out afforestation.

Independent Authority:-
The CAF Act 2016, established an independent authority — the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority — to execute the fund. However, it was not until last August that the rules governing the management of the fund were finalised.

Do's & Dont's under CAF Act & Rules for funds:-

Do's:- The funds need to be used for catchment area treatment, wildlife management, forest fire-prevention, soil and moisture conservation work in the forest

Dont's:- Whereas it cannot be used for payment of salary, travelling allowances, making buildings and buying office equipment for forest officers.

Concerns:- Activists and environmentalists have raised concerns that the funds are used by the State to ride roughshod over tribal rights and unscientific afforestation methods were often implemented to make good razed forests.

Special Tiger force for Corbett Reserve:-

The Uttarakhand government has decided to form a Special Tiger Force for Corbett Tiger Reserve, a move which will help serve as the much needed second layer of protection for the big cat. The decision to set up the force was taken by the State Cabinet on Wednesday. The force will have 85 posts.

Objectives of STPF:-

The STPF will be effective in checking illegal human intrusion into the reserve through villages located on its fringes and serve as a second layer of protection for tigers at the CTR. Keeping Illegal intruders from fringe areas have been behind poaching incidents in the reserve in the past.

The STPF will indeed be of great help in conserving the population of 250 tigers at the reserve. The decision is in line with Government of India guidelines for providing three-tier protection to tigers at reserves.

Three Tier Protection to Tigers at Corbett Reserve:-
  • The first layer of protection is provided in the inner range by beat level forest guards through regular patrols. 
  • The second layer of protection is what the STPF will take care of.
  • The third layer of protection comes from intelligence-gathering mechanisms in which forest, police and central intelligence agency personnel work together to prevent crimes like the poaching of tigers.

Two new Marine Eel Species discovered:-

Two new species of marine eel were discovered and documented in August this year by Estuarine Biology Regional Centre (EBRC) of the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) at Gopalpur-on-sea in Odisha.

One of them is a short brown un-patterned moray eel now named ‘Gymnothorax andamanensesis’.
  • Two specimens of this eel were caught at 2-meter deep waters in the south Andaman coast. It had been sent to ZSI Gopalpur for identification.
  • After a detailed study, identified the specimens as a completely new species, which was acknowledged by scientific journals. 

Short Brown Marine eel:-
  • Till now, 10 species of short brown unpatterned moray eels have been discovered in the world, out of which two were found in Indian waters. 
  • With this new discovery, the number of short brown un-patterned moray eels discovered from the Indian coast has increased to three.

White Spotted Moray Eel:-
  • Similarly, a new white-spotted moray eel, now named ‘Gymnothorax smithi’ has also been identified by the Gopalpur ZSI’s scientists. 
  • Its first specimen was found from the 200-meters deep waters of the Arabian Sea in 2011.
  • Recently, a few more specimens of this undiscovered species were collected from the southeastern Arabian Sea, off the Kerala coast. 

About Marine eels:-
  • Marine eels are mostly found in shallow waters but some of them live offshore in sandy or clayey bottoms ranging up to 500 meters. 
  • According to Dr. Mohapatra, till now, 49 species of moray eel from 10 genera had been reported from Indian waters, and their species numbers have increased to 50 with the new addition.

Star tortoise, otters get higher protection at CITES:-

India’s proposal to upgrade the protection of star tortoises (Geochelone elegans), the smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) and small-clawed otters (Anoyx cinereus) in CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species on Wild Fauna and Flora) have been approved.

These species have been listed under Appendix I of CITES and will now enjoy the highest degree of protection as there will be a complete international ban enforced on their trade. The upgradation was approved at the Conference of the Parties (COP18) held at Geneva.

Appendix I of CITES:-
It lists species that are the most endangered among CITES-listed animals and plants. They are threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research,

For fur and as pets:-
  • 90% of trade of star tortoises occurs as part of the international pet market. The species is categorized as ‘vulnerable’ by the International Union of Conservation of Nature and a decline greater than 30% was predicted by 2025 if the exploitation continued or expanded.
  • In case of the small-clawed otter and smooth-coated otter, which are traded for their fur in the international market, numbers are also declining due to habitat loss.

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