Current Affairs 6th August 2019

Current Affairs 6th August 2019


Under Current Affairs 6th August 2019 we have tried to cover important current affairs from examination point of view. Now the list of content is given below as:-

Table of Content:-

  • Article 370 scrapped
  • Article 371 remains
  • Resource Assistance for Colleges with Excellence
  • Anti-Lynching Bill|Honor Killing Bill
  • Lalit Kala Academy celebrated 65th Foundation Day
  • Draft E-Commerce Norms 2019
  • Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy


Article 370 scrapped:-

Government of India has brought resolution to Repeal Article 370 of the Constitution. Union Minister for Home Affairs, Shri Amit Shah, introduced two bills and two resolutions regarding Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) today. Both the bills were passed by Rajya Sabha unanimously.

These are as follows:

1.) Constitution (Application to Jammu & Kashmir) Order, 2019 {Ref. Article 370(1) of Constitution of India} – issued by President of India to supersede the 1954 order related to Article 370

2.)Resolution for Repeal of Article 370 of the Constitution of India {Ref. Article 370 (3)}

3.) Jammu & Kashmir (Reorganisation) Bill, 2019 {Ref. Article 3 of Constitution of India}: It makes Jammu & Kashmir a Union territory with a Legislative Assembly, along with Union Territory status to Ladakh without a Legislative Assembly.

4.) Jammu & Kashmir Reservation (2nd Amendment) Bill, 2019: It amends the Jammu & Kashmir Reservation Act 2004. This bill seeks to extend the 10% quota to economically weaker sections of society in J&K in jobs and educational institutions.

Repeal of Article 370:

Government is moving a resolution which would repeal the provisions under Article 370 of the Constitution of India, which granted a special status to the state of J&K. The provisions of Article 370 would cease to exist from the date, President of India issues a notification in this regard, after the recommendation of the Parliament.

Consequently, the Constitution of India would get applicable to J&K, on par with other states/UTs of the country, the Minister added.

Under Article 370(3), there is a provision that the President, on the recommendation of the Parliament, has the power to amend or cease the implementation of article 370, through a public notification.

Important Info:

Political benefits: 
  • Article 370 was a temporary and transient provision, it had to go. J&K would become a true part of India in letter and spirit once article 370 is removed.
  • Refugees who came from Pakistan after partition did not get citizenship till now. They cannot become councilors in the state.
  • 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Constitution could not be applied to J&K due to article 370. Panchayat and Nagar Palika elections could not be held.

Social benefits:
  • The provisions of Article 370 are discriminatory on the basis of gender, class, caste, and place of origin.
  • Daughters of the state marrying outside the state lose their rights to the property.
  • SC and ST people have been discriminated against and have been deprived of the reservation to political offices.

Economic Benefits: Post the repeal of Article 370, doors to private investment in J&K would be opened. Opening of buying of lands would bring in investments from private individuals and multinational companies and give a boost to the local economy.

Internal Security: According to Home Minister, had article 370 would not be there, civilians and soldiers wouldn't have lost their lives during 1989-2018.

Article 371 remains:-

While Article 370, which limited purchase and inheritance of property to permanent residents, was scrapped for J&K, similar provisions are also provided under Article 371 in many states.

  • Article 371A prohibits anyone who is not a resident from buying land in Nagaland, which may only be bought by tribals who are residents of the state.
  • Article 371F bestows on Sikkim government the right of ownership of all land in the state, even if it was owned by private individuals prior to the state’s merger with India.
    The same Constitutional provision mandates a four-year term for the Sikkim state assembly, though assembly elections in the state have violated that clause as they have been held every 5 years.
    Moreover, Article 371F states that “neither the Supreme Court nor any other court shall have jurisdiction in respect of any dispute or other matter arising out of any treaty, agreement, engagement or other similar instrument relating to Sikkim”, however, a specific condition allows the President to step in if the need arises related to constitutional law.
  • Article 371G is similar to Article 371A, as it limits the ownership of land to Mizoram’s tribals except for setting up of industries by the private sector, land can now be acquired by the state government as per the provisions of Mizoram (Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation, and Resettlement) Act, 2016.
  • Both Article 371A and Article 371G limit the Parliament’s authority to enact any law that interferes with tribal religious laws, customs, including their justice system.
  • Moreover, under Article 371 non-residents are still not allowed to buy agriculture land in Himachal Pradesh.


Resource Assistance for Colleges with Excellence (RACE):-

Rajasthan government has launched a new higher education model titled Resource Assistance for Colleges with Excellence.

About: This new higher education model has been launched for distribution of faculties and movable assets among the government colleges at the district level to rationalize the availability of resources.

Working: The model will create a pool for sharing of facilities. The colleges in need will submit their requirement to the nodal college in the district, which will send the teachers on deputation, if needed, and provide the facilities such as projectors, digital libraries, equipment, and technicians.

Benefits: The model will help the colleges situated in small towns facing a shortage of faculties and infrastructure. RACE will give autonomy to small colleges and help them find solutions to their problems at the local level.

Anti-Lynching Bill|Honor Killing Bill:-

Rajasthan legislative assembly passed two important bills to curb honor killings and Mob Lynching in the state.

The Rajasthan Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019:

  • Rajasthan has become the second state after Manipur which passed a law to curb lynching cases.
  • The government told during the debate that 87 % of the total incidents took place across the country were recorded in the state during the last five years.
  • Offenses under the new law will be investigated by a police officer of the rank of Inspector and above, and state DGP will appoint an officer of IG or above rank as state coordinator to prevent lynchings.
  • In cases of “hurt” and “grievous hurt” from such assault, the convict may get up to seven and 10 years in jail, respectively.
  • If the attack leads to death, the punishment is life imprisonment.
  • The Bill also makes conspirators accountable.

The Rajasthan Prohibition of Interference with the Freedom of Matrimonial Alliances in the Name of Honour and Tradition Bill, 2019:-

  • The Bill provisions punishment of death penalty or life imprisonment till natural death for killing a couple or either of them in the name of honor.
  • If the couple or either of them is grievously hurt, the punishment will be from 10 years rigorous imprisonment to imprisonment for life and with fine of maximum ₹3 lakh, whereas the punishment will be three to five years imprisonment with fine which may extend to ₹2 lakh in case of simple injuries, it says.
  • The Bill says, Sub Divisional Magistrate or the District Magistrate shall receive any request or information from any person or persons seeking protection from any unlawful assembly, or from any other person who is likely to or who have been objecting to any lawful marriage.
  • It says no person or group shall assemble at any time with the view or intention to deliberate on or condemn any marriage, not prohibited by law, on the basis that such marriage has dishonored the caste or community tradition or brought disrepute to all or any of the persons forming part of the assembly or the family or the people of the locality concerned. Such gathering shall be treated unlawful and every person convening or organizing such assembly, and every member, thereof, participating therein directly or indirectly shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term not less than six months, but may extend to five years and shall also be liable to fine which may extend to ₹1 lakh.

Lalit Kala Academy celebrated 65th Foundation Day:-

Lalit Kala Akademi celebrated its 65th Foundation Day in New Delhi. Minister of Culture & Tourism inaugurated the celebrations.

Name: The Lalit Kala Akademi is also known as the National Academy of Art.

What is it? It is India's national academy of fine arts established by Government of India to promote and propagate understanding of Indian art, in and outside the country.

Status: It is an autonomous organization.

Funding: It is funded by the Union Ministry of Culture.

Established in: 1954.

Headquarters: New Delhi.

The National Art Award: It is one of the awards and honors in India and Asia awarded by Lalit Kala Akademi.

Draft E-Commerce Norms 2019:-

Ministry of Consumer Affairs has released the draft guidelines on e-commerce for consumer protection.

  • The e-Commerce guidelines for Consumer Protection, 2019 will be applicable on all business-to-consumer (B2C) e-commerce platforms.
  • E-Commerce norms will act as the guiding principles for e-commerce business for preventing fraud, unfair trade practices and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of consumers.
  • The key areas that have been covered in the rules include preventing price influencing, addressing counterfeit, improving the integrity of reviews as well as increasing transparency of terms e-commerce have with sellers and disclosure of seller information.

Key Guidelines:-

  • Compulsory Return Policy: It is mandatory for e-commerce entities to accept returns in the event the products delivered are defective, wrong or spurious or if they do not have the characteristics or features advertised.
  • Seller Details: E-commerce companies will also have to display details about the sellers on their website, especially the type of business furnished by the seller entity.
  • Transparent Contract: The draft guidelines propose to increase transparency in contracts signed between e-commerce entities and the sellers, directing them to display terms of their contracts relating to aspects like return, refund, exchange, warranties and guarantees, delivery and shipment, mode of payments and redressing grievances.
  • Grievance Redressal: The draft has also sought transparency on the procedure followed to address complaints, directing e-commerce companies to publish contact details of their grievance officers on their websites and setting a one-month timeline for them to redress issues from the time the complaint is registered.
  • Fair Pricing Policy: E-commerce platforms will not be allowed to directly or indirectly influence the price of the products and services they offer.
  • Unfair Trade Practice: E-commerce platforms cannot adopt any trade practice for the purpose of promoting the sale, use or supply of any goods or services or use unfair and deceptive methods and practices that may influence the consumer’s transactional decisions.
  • False Reviews: Guidelines aim to restrict sellers from falsely representing themselves as consumers or posting reviews as well as misrepresenting and exaggerating the quality and features of products on their sites.

Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy:-

The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change has proposed a draft National Resource Efficiency Policy 2019 which aims to streamline the efficient use of these resources with a minimum negative impact on the environment.

Background:

The draft policy comes in the backdrop of India increasing its material consumption to six times from 1.8 billion ton in 1970 to 7 billion ton in 2015. India’s resource extraction of 1580 tonnes/acre is much higher than the world average of 450 tonnes/acre, while material productivity remains low. The country’s recycling rate is just about 20-25% compared with 70% in developing countries in Europe.

Salient Features of Policy:

Objective: The draft policy intends to minimize this inherent cost of economic growth on the natural environment y transforming the country’s waste management sector into a secondary resource recovery sector.

National Resource Efficiency Authority (NREA): This will be achieved by setting up an NREA with a core working group housed in the Ministry of Environment. Its mandate will be developing and implementing resource-efficient strategies for material recycling, reuse and land-filling targets for various sectors and set standards for reuse of secondary raw materials.

Inter-Ministerial National Resource Efficiency Board: NERA would be supported by an Inter-Ministerial National Resource Efficiency Board to guide on the aspects critical to its implementation.

Strategy: It is also planned to offer tax benefits on recycled materials, green loans to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and soft loans to construct waste disposal facilities, apart from setting up Material Recovery Facilities (MRF).

Manufacturers and service providers would be required to use more recycled or renewable materials.


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