Current Affairs 11th September 2019

Daily Current Affairs 11th September 2019 covers some important current affairs like India nepal Motihari-Amlekhganj oil-pipeline, healthcare's climate footprint, yudh-abhiyas exercise & exercise tsentr 2019, India-ASEAN free trade pact in goods, Two Zingiber species discovered in Nagaland

Daily Current Affairs 11th September 2019 covers some important current affairs based on the examination point of view. All Current Affairs are mentioned below:-

  • India-Nepal jointly inaugurated Motihari-Amlekhganj oil-pipeline
  • HealthCare's Climate Footprint
  • Simultaneous Army Exercises in Russia & US
  • India-ASEAN agree to review free trade pact in goods
  • Two new species of Zingiber discovered from Nagaland

India-Nepal jointly inaugurated Motihari-Amlekhganj oil-pipeline:-

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Nepal counterpart K.P. Sharma Oli on Tuesday jointly inaugurated the Motihari-Amlekhganj petroleum product pipeline, the first of its kind in South Asia.

  • The 69 km-long pipeline from Motihari in Bihar to Amlekhganj in Nepal is the first-ever cross-border petroleum product pipeline in the South Asia region.
  • As of now, tankers carry petroleum products from India to Nepal as part of an arrangement which is in place since 1973.
  • Every year, the pipeline will carry two million metric tonnes of clean petroleum products at an affordable price to Nepal.
  • This India-Nepal energy cooperation project is a symbol of our close bilateral relations. It will help to enhance the energy security of the region and substantially cut down on transit costs,” the Prime Minister’s Office had said on Monday.

HealthCare's Climate Footprint:-

A report published by Healthcare without Harm reveals that Healthcare's climate footprint is equivalent to 4.4% of global net emissions which is quite equal to annual greenhouse gas emissions by 514 coal-fired power plants. India figures among the top ten countries that account for 75% of global healthcare climate footprint.

The report adds that if the health sector was a country it would be the fifth-largest emitter on the planet.

How Healthcare contributes to greenhouse gas emissions?

Health care contributes to greenhouse gas emissions through energy consumption, transport, and product manufacture, use, and disposal. The health care sector is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in the world and significantly contributes to the climate crisis.

Key Findings:-

  • The top three emitters (the United States, China, and the European Union) are responsible for 56%of the world’s total healthcare climate footprint. Japan, Russia, Brazil, India, North Korea, Canada, and Australia are the other countries in the top 10 list of countries.
  • India has the seventh-largest absolute health sector climate footprint, it has the lowest health-related emissions per capita of all 43 nations considered in the study.
  • The report states that people should be aligning global health goals with global climate goals to put the sector on a pathway to net-zero emissions

Simultaneous Army Exercises in Russia & US:-

Amid tensions with Pakistan, an Indian Army contingent is in Russia for Exercise Tsentr 2019, which began on Tuesday. At the same time, another Indian Army contingent is in the U.S. for Yudh Abhyas, an annual bilateral exercise.

Yudh Abhiyas Exercise:-

  • Yudh Abhyas is being held at Joint Base Lewis McChord at Tacoma, Washington, from September 5 to 18. 
  • At the 15th edition of Yudh Abhyas, the U.S. Army is represented by a company of 5-20 Infantry Battalion, while the Indian side is represented by the Assam Regiment. 
  • Both sides will jointly train, plan and execute a series of well-developed tactical drills for neutralization of likely threats that may be encountered in UN peacekeeping operations.

Exercise Tsentr 2019:-

Exercise Tsentr will go on till September 23 at the Donguz training ranges in Orenburg, a city in southwest Russia.

Aim:-  It is aimed at evolving drills of the participating Armies and practicing them in the fight against the scourge of international terrorism, thereby ensuring military security in the strategic Central Asian region. The exercise will focus on evaluating the level of troop preparedness, acquisition of skills and raising the level of interoperability, and will demonstrate the readiness of the Armies, it said.

About Exercise Tsentr:- It is part of the Russian armed forces’ annual training cycle. It rotates through Russia’s four main operational strategic commands: Vostok (East), Zapad (West), Tsentr (Centre) and Kavkas (South). The participants this year are China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, and Uzbekistan, besides Russia.

India-ASEAN agree to review free trade pact in goods:-

  • India and 10-member bloc of South-East Asian nations have agreed to review their free trade agreement, signed in 2009, to make it more business-friendly and boost economic ties.
  • The two sides also decided to constitute a joint committee for this purpose, according to a statement.
  • This was agreed upon during the meeting between Economic Ministers of ASEAN and Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal in Bangkok on September 10. They met for the 16th AEM-India consultations.
  • The Ministers tasked officials to work on the details of the review of the agreement and submit an update rather next ministerial meet.
  • Both the sides also gained the recommendations of the ASEAN-India business council to further promote the potential of bilateral trade through the utilization of the free trade pact as well as cooperation in some areas like financial technology, connectivity, startups, and innovation.
  • The bilateral trade between the two sides has increased to $80.8 billion in 2018 from $73.6 billion in 2017.

About Free Trade in Goods Pact:-

  • The India-ASEAN trade in goods pact came into force from January 2010.
  • Under the pact, two trading partners set timelines for eliminating duties on the maximum number of goods traded between the two regions.
  • The 10 ASEAN members are Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, the Philippines, Laos, and Vietnam.

Two new species of Zingiber discovered from Nagaland:-

Scientists from the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) have discovered two new species of Zingiber, commonly referred to as ginger, from Nagaland.

Zingiber Prenense:-

  • Zingiber perenense has been discovered from the Peren district of Nagaland.
  • The leafy shoots of Zingiber perenense reach up to 70 cm in height
  • In the case of Zingiber perenense, the lip of the flower is white with purplish-red streaks throughout, and the pollen is ellipsoidal.

Specimens collected:- The type specimens of Zingiber perenense were collected in September 2017, when botanists were working on the ‘State flora of Nagaland’ in the Peren district. “The plant was found growing in moist shady places on the bank of a small steam in the hilly terrain forest of the Tesen village under the Peren subdivision,” the publication authored by four botanists said.

Zingiber dimapurense:-

  • Zingiber dimapurense was found in the Dimapur district of the State.
  • Zingiber dimapurense is taller in size, with leafy shoots measuring 90-120 cm high, .
  • For Zingiber dimapurense, the lip of the flower (modified corolla) is white in colour, with dense dark- purplish red blotches. Its pollen is a creamy-white and ovato-ellipsoidal, whereas the fruit is an oblong 4.5 cm-5.5 cm long capsule. 

Specimens collected:- The specimen of Zingiber dimapurense was collected in October 2016 from the Hekese village forest under the Medziphema subdivision. Some rhizomes of this plant collected along with field data were planted in the Botanical Survey of India’s Eastern Regional Centre garden in Shillong, where itself they began flowering in June 2018.

Previous discoveries:- Previous discoveries of Zingiber include Hedychium chingmeianum from the Tuensang district of Nagaland, Caulokaempferia dinabandhuensis from the Ukhrul district in Manipur in 2017, and Zingiber bipinianum from Meghalaya in 2015.

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